Traditional Aipan Art
TRADITIONAL AIPAN ART ~ essenceofkumaun
The traditional Aipan art of Uttarakhand, India, holds great cultural significance and is an integral part of the region's artistic heritage. Here are some key aspects of traditional Aipan art in Uttarakhand.
Place of worship, Pooja Vedika, door steps of house, structure made around Tulsi Plant are decorated with vasudhara aipan.
These Aipan are made by painting the place with ‘Geru’ and thereafter making vertical lines by dripping Bishwar (rice paste) by means of fingers usually by Anamika .
These are drawn in the blocks consisting lines in odd numbers like 5, 7, 9 or 11.
DHULI ARGHYA CHOWKI
Twilight in India is called “Godhuli Vela”. For weddings, bridegroom’s side arrives at bride’s house at “Godhuli Vela”.
In earlier days, bridegroom’s entourage usually walked to bride’ s place and so they arrived with dusty feet. Since groom for this period represents “Narayan”, hence his feet are washed before puja.
He stands on a “Chowki” on which is painted a tree like figure.
This Aipan is drawn in some form or other during most of the religious rituals as Swastik in Hindu mythology represents all Gods & Goddess, all known, unknown.
Swastik is the symbol of marching ahead for success, towards success with success.
If someone does not have knowledge of the occasion specific Aipan, Swastik is religiously accepted as substitute.
During marriage ceremony, the groom is always accompanied among others by his own Pandit or Acharya. A special chowki is made for The Pandit/Acharya as he is given more prominence than even the father of the groom.
A Swastik is made on it with red colour. The lotus and other auspicious symbols such as a bell, a conch shell etc.
Naming ceremony of a new born is held on eleventh day of the birth. Namkarna Chauki Aipan is drawn in the courtyard, where the first time the baby is exposed to sun / open atmosphere (Surya darshan).
Sometimes this is also known as Surya Darshan Chauki.
Lakshmi Padchinha comprises of footprints of Goddess Lakshmi, and is drawn on Deepawali, right from main entrance of a home to the place of worship or the puja room.
This are depicted below. Lakshmi Peeth too is drawn on Deepawali in the puja room.
Janeo Chowki Aiapn comprises of seven stars, made within a six-sided drawing.
The seven stars in the aipan represent the Sapt Rishis.
Around the six-sided drawing, several dots are drawn. This chowki is made especially for sanctified thread ceremony, called janeo.
Bhadra form of Aipan is drawn in the puja room and at the time of a yajna. The bhadra with 12 dots is known as bindu bhadra.
The number of dots can vary and with it, the patterns too differ, like 19 bindu bhadra, 24 bindu bhadra and 36 bindu bhadra etc.
Astadal Kamal is the Aipan that is drawn at the place of a Havan (sacred fire).
This Aipan artform design includes an octagonal figure with lotus petals, and a Swastik is drawn at the center.