Uttarakhand, formerly Uttaranchal, state of India, was formed on the 9th November 2000 as the 27th State of India, when it was carved out of northern Uttar Pradesh. Uttarakhand is located at the foothills of the Himalayan mountain ranges, it is largely a hilly State, and is bordered to the northwest by the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, to the northeast by the Tibet Autonomous Region of China, to the southeast by Nepal, and to the south and southwest by the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Dehradun is the Capital of Uttarakhand and is one of the most beautiful resort in the submountain tracts of India, known for its scenic surroundings. The town lies in the Dun Valley, on the watershed of the Ganga and Yamuna rivers.
Uttarakhand is blessed with a rare bio-diversity, inter-alia, rare species of aromatic and medicinal plants are found in the State. It is rich in natural resources water, glaciers, rivers, dense forests and snow-clad mountain peaks.
Uttarakhand offers limitless opportunities for tourism and adventure. There is something for everyone - Pilgrimage, Temples, Wildlife tours, Bird Watching, Rafting, Trekking, Camping, Yoga, Skiing and much more. Char-dhams, the four most sacred and revered Hindu temples of Badrinath,Kedarnath, Gangotri and Yamunotri are nestled in the mighty mountains. Uttarakhand is truly God’s Land (Dev Bhoomi).
DIVISIONS IN UTTARAKHAND
Kumaon or Kumaun is one of the two divisions of Uttarakhand state and its headquarter is located at beautiful lake city Nainital. Kumaon Division consists of six districts. Kumaon has its own distinct and impressive tradition, festivals and culture. Its people are brave, hard - working and honest.
Garhwal is one of the two divisions of Uttarakhand state and its headquarter is located at Pauri. Garhwal Division consists of seven districts. Garhwal is the north-western region and administrative division of Uttarakhand. It is bounded on the north by Tibet, on the east by Kumaon region, on the south by Uttar Pradesh state, and on the north-west by Himachal Pradesh state.
There are 13 Districts of Uttarakhand in Garhwal and Kumaon Region. The Uttarakhand districts under Kumaon Division are Almora, Champawat, Bageshwar, Pithoragarh, Udham Singh Nagar and Nainital. The Uttarakhand districts under Garhwal Division are Chamoli, Dehradun, Haridwar, Pauri Garhwal, Tehri Garhwal, Rudraprayag and Uttarkashi.
Four new districts are proposed in Uttarakhand: Didihat, Kotdwar, Ranikhet and Yamunotri.