Uttarakhand Tourism


UTTARAKHAND TOURISM ~ essenceofkumaun

Uttarakhand Tourism offers a wide range of attractions and activities for tourists, including adventure sports, wildlife sanctuaries, hill stations, and spiritual retreats. Uttarakhand tourism offers limitless opportunities as there is something for everyone - Pilgrimage, Temples, Wildlife tours, Bird Watching, Rafting, Trekking, Camping, Yoga, Skiing and much more. Char-dhams, the four most sacred and revered Hindu temples of Badrinath,Kedarnath, Gangotri and Yamunotri are nestled in the mighty mountains.

Some major highlights of Uttarakhand include; Rishikesh which is a renowned spiritual destination and the "Yoga Capital of the World." Haridwar is another sacred city situated on the banks of the River Ganges, famous for the Kumbh Mela and evening Ganga Aarti. Uttarakhand is home to two of the holiest Hindu pilgrimage sites, Badrinath and Kedarnath. Auli is a popular skiing destination offering breathtaking views of snow-clad peaks. Valley of Flowers National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage site known for its vibrant alpine flowers and picturesque landscapes. Mussoorie is a popular hill station known for its breathtaking views of the Himalayas. Nainital which is a charming hill station built around the beautiful Naini Lake. Uttarakhand is home to the famous Jim Corbett National Park which is known for its rich biodiversity. 

HISTORY OF UTTARAKHAND ~ essenceofkumaun

The history of Uttarakhand, formerly known as Uttaranchal, is rich and dates back thousands of years. Since ancient times, Uttarakhand has been an important centre of culture, spirituality, and trade. 

The region of Uttarakhand was mentioned in ancient Hindu scriptures like Mahabharata and Skanda Purana. It was part of Kuru and Panchal kingdoms and later became a part of Mauryan Empire under Emperor Ashoka in 3rd century BC. The Katyuri dynasty ruled over Kumaon region of Uttarakhand from 7th to 13th century CE while Chand dynasty ruled over Garhwal region from 10th to 18th century CE.

In late 18th century, Gorkhas from Nepal invaded and captured Kumaon & Garhwal and ruled over for several years until British defeated them in Anglo-Nepalese War in 1815-1816. After this War, British East India Company gained control over Uttarakhand. Uttarakhand became part of British Indian territories and was administered as Garhwal and Kumaon divisions. 

After India gained independence, demand for a separate state for people of Uttarakhand started to gain momentum. The movement intensified in the 1990s, and as a result, Uttarakhand was carved out of Uttar Pradesh on November 9, 2000, becoming the 27th state of India.


There are 13 Districts of Uttarakhand in Garhwal and Kumaon Region. The Uttarakhand districts under Kumaon Division are Almora, Champawat, Bageshwar, Pithoragarh, Udham Singh Nagar and Nainital. The Uttarakhand districts under Garhwal Division are Chamoli, Dehradun, Haridwar, Pauri Garhwal, Tehri Garhwal, Rudraprayag and Uttarkashi. Four new districts are proposed in Uttarakhand: Didihat, Kotdwar, Ranikhet and Yamunotri. 

UTTARAKHAND LANGUAGE ~ essenceofkumaun

The primary language spoken in Uttarakhand is Hindi, which is the official language of the state. Hindi serves as the lingua franca and is understood and spoken by a significant portion of the population. Uttarakhand is a linguistically diverse state, and several other languages are spoken, below are some notable Uttarakhand languages:


Garhwali: Garhwali is one of the major languages spoken in Uttarakhand, particularly in Garhwal region. It belongs to Central Pahari subgroup of Indo-Aryan language family and has its own distinct script.

Kumaoni: Kumaoni is one of the major language spoken in Uttarakhand, primarily in the Kumaon region. It is also a Central Pahari language and has its own distinct script.

Jaunsari: Jaunsari is spoken by the Jaunsari tribe residing in the Jaunsar-Bawar region.

Bhoti: Bhoti, also known as Tibetan, is spoken by the Tibetan communities residing in the regions of Dharchula.

Tharu: Tharu is spoken by the Tharu ethnic community, mainly residing in the Terai region.


These are just a few examples of the languages spoken in Uttarakhand. The linguistic diversity of the state adds to its cultural richness, with each language contributing to the heritage and identity of the communities residing in Uttarakhand.


Pant Nagar airport is in Kumaon region of Uttarakhand and is the nearest airport to Nainital while Jolly Grant is the nearest airport to Mussoorie. There are 5 airports in Uttarakhand.


The High Court of Uttarakhand is the highest judicial authority in the state of Uttarakhand, India. At the time of the creation of the State, the High Court of Uttarakhand was also established on the same day at Nainital. Since that day the High Court is functioning in an old building situated in Mallital Nainital which was known as old Secretariat.

The High Court of Uttarakhand consists of a Chief Justice and several other judges appointed by the President of India. The Chief Justice is appointed by the President in consultation with the Chief Justice of India and the Governor of Uttarakhand. The High Court of Uttarakhand plays a crucial role in upholding rule of law, protecting rights of individuals, and ensuring justice is delivered to people of Uttarakhand.

UTTARAKHAND WEATHER~ essenceofkumaun

UTTARAKHAND MAP~ essenceofkumaun

UTTARAKHAND NEWS ~ essenceofkumaun

Uttarakhand tourism continues to grow, attracting travelers seeking natural beauty, adventure, spirituality, and tranquility. The state's diverse offerings make it an ideal destination for nature lovers, adventure enthusiasts, pilgrims, and those seeking a peaceful getaway. Details regarding Uttarakhand district, History of Uttarakhand, Uttarakhand language, High court of Uttarakhand etc is provided.


For any other information please contact us.